Genocide is an internationally recognized crime where acts are committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group. These acts fall into five categories:. There are a number of other serious, violent crimes that do not fall under the specific definition of genocide. They include crimes against humanity, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and mass killing.
The dwarves of Auschwitz | World news | The Guardian
Between and , across German-occupied Europe , Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews , around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population. Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Adolf Hitler 's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January , the regime built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and those deemed "undesirable", starting with Dachau on 22 March On 9—10 November , eight months after Germany annexed Austria , Jewish businesses and other buildings were ransacked, smashed or set on fire throughout Germany and Austria during what became known as Kristallnacht the "Night of Broken Glass". Eventually thousands of camps and other detention sites were established across German-occupied Europe. The segregation of Jews in ghettos culminated in the policy of extermination the Nazis called the " Final Solution to the Jewish Question ", discussed by senior Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January As German forces captured territories in the East , all anti-Jewish measures were radicalized.
Photo: Manuel Harlan. The word midget , I mean, used a lot. At dwarfism.
Physicians were not pawns of the Nazi regime; they legitimized mass murder. They were not coerced to behave as they did; they volunteered and enthusiastically exploited the opportunity of conducting cutting-edge physiological experiments of their own design, on individuals whom they selected, within the context of mass murder in hospital killing centers and in concentration camps. Weindling, The participating physicians were the elite in their profession; they held leadership positions at renowned academic research institutions; they provided their professional expertise for the commission of medical murder on an unprecedented, colossal scale.