Mature cystic teratoma MCT is the most common neoplasm of the ovary and includes at least two well- differentiated germ cell layers. Different combinations of mature tissue derivatives with varying arrangements in the tumour cause a wide spectrum of radiological presentation ranging from a purely cystic mass to a complex cystic mass with a considerable solid component. In different imaging modalities, each radiological feature reflects a specific pathologic equivalent that forms because of diverse compositions of histological components. Understanding uncommon findings as well as the classic signs with basic knowledge of pathological equivalents permits a more accurate diagnosis and guides adequate treatment.
Germ cell ovarian tumours | Ovarian cancer | Cancer Research UK
A teratoma is a rare type of tumor that can contain fully developed tissues and organs, including hair, teeth, muscle, and bone. Teratomas are most common in the tailbone, ovaries, and testicles, but can occur elsewhere in the body. Teratomas can appear in newborns, children, or adults. Teratomas are usually benign in newborns, but may still require surgical removal.
Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a cutting edge overview on imaging features
Women with benign non-cancerous germ cell tumors such as mature teratomas dermoid cysts are cured by removing the part of the ovary that has the tumor ovarian cystectomy or by removing the entire ovary. As with epithelial ovarian cancers, it is a good idea to consult with a gynecologic oncologist for treating malignant germ cell tumors, especially because these are so uncommon. Most types and stages of germ cell cancers of the ovary are treated the same way, with surgery and chemotherapy chemo. Surgery: In general, all women with malignant germ cell tumors will have the same staging surgery that is done for epithelial ovarian cancer.
The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative characteristics of benign mature cystic teratoma MCT and struma ovarii and their risk factors associated malignancies, and determine the appropriate treatment options for these tumors. This was a retrospective study on patients who were pathologically diagnosed with ovarian MCT, struma ovarii, or malignant transformations of these tumors at Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital from March to January Routinely evaluated results of adnexal masses before surgery were compared.