Any trauma to the ear or side of the head can cause a rupture. The following have been known to cause eardrum ruptures: getting hit in the ear sustaining an injury during sports falling on your ear car accidents Inserting any kind of object, such as a cotton swab, fingernail, or pen, too far into the ear can harm your eardrum as well. Acoustic trauma , or damage to the ear from extremely loud noises, can rupture your eardrum. However, these cases are not as common.
Perforated Eardrum | Symptoms, Treatment and Causes | Patient
An ear infection can cause a ruptured eardrum. Either a severe ear infection or repeated mild infections can cause the eardrum to rupture. An infection of the middle ear, which is called acute otitis media , happens when bacteria or viruses cause fluid to build up in the middle ear. When fluid or pus accumulates behind the eardrum, the pressure can cause the eardrum to tear. Ear infections can be very painful and may sometimes cause hearing difficulties.
With a perforation, you are at greater risk of developing an ear infection. This is because the eardrum normally acts as a barrier to bacteria and other germs that may get into the middle ear. What is the eardrum and how do we hear?
What Is It? Published: March, The eardrum is a thin membrane that separates your ear canal the part that is open to the outside from your middle ear. The eardrum, also called the tympanic membrane, is involved in hearing.